Everyone’s body needs some sodium to work correctly. Sodium helps you keep the right amount of fluid in your blood. Healthy kidneys help keep the right amount of sodium in your body. When your kidneys are not working, sodium can build up in your blood. When this happens, your body holds on to too much water. This can make your blood pressure too high and can cause problems during your dialysis treatments. Limiting how much sodium you take in each day can help keep your blood pressure under control and help prevent your body from holding on to too much fluid. Talk to your dietitian about how much sodium you should have each day, and use these tips to limit sodium in your diet:
- Do not add salt to your food when cooking or at the table. Try cooking with fresh herbs, lemon juice or salt-free spices.
- Choose fresh or frozen vegetables instead of canned vegetables. If you do use canned vegetables, rinse them to remove extra salt before cooking or eating them.
- Avoid processed meats, such as ham, bacon, sausage and lunch meats.
- Munch on fresh fruits and vegetables rather than crackers or other salty snacks.
- Avoid pickled foods, such as olives and pickles.
- Limit high-sodium condiments, such as soy sauce, BBQ sauce and ketchup.