There are several complications of CKD that can lead to heart disease:
- Anemia: Your body does not make enough red blood cells, which means there is less oxygen going to your body’s tissues and organs. This can increase your chances of having a heart attack.
- High blood pressure: Damaged kidneys may release too much of an enzyme called renin, which helps to control blood pressure. This increases the risk for heart attack, congestive heart failure and stroke.
- High homocysteine levels: If your kidneys are not working well, they are not able to remove a protein in the blood called homocysteine. High levels of this protein can lead to coronary artery disease (CAD), heart attack or stroke.
- Unbalanced calcium-phosphorous levels: If you have CKD, you may have too much phosphorous and calcium in your blood. If this happens, your chances of developing CAD increase.
Talk to your doctor about being checked for these complications, and work with them to create and follow a treatment plan.