Birth defects are abnormal physical or biological conditions that happen to a baby while growing in its mother’s womb. Birth defects can be a result of an environmental issue or a genetic disease. Common birth defects related to the kidneys include:
- Being born with one kidney instead of two (renal agenesis, or solitary kidney)
- Being born with two kidneys, but one that does not work (renal dysplasia)
- Being born with a kidney that is not in the right location (ectopic kidney)
Most children born with a kidney birth defect will not have major health problems. Children born with a single kidney or one non-working kidney may have a higher chance of getting kidney disease later in life. If a child is born with a kidney birth defect, talk to the child’s pediatrician about how often they should be checked for signs of kidney disease.
For more information, visit: