For a kidney transplant to be successful, the donor kidney must be a good match for the recipient’s body. A person of one race or ethnicity can get a matching kidney from a person of a different race or ethnicity, but matching kidneys are most often found in donors who are of the same race or ethnicity as the recipient. Because there are more non-Hispanic white people in the U.S. than people of any other race/ethnicity, most of the registered organ donors are also non-Hispanic white. But kidney failure happens more often among minorities than it does among non-Hispanic white people. There are not enough minority organ donors to meet the needs of all of the African-American, Asian American, Pacific Islander and Hispanic/Latino people who are waiting for kidney transplants.

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