Having a family member with kidney disease If you are related to someone who has kidney disease, you are at greater risk, because there are certain genes that can increase your chances of getting kidney disease. Diabetes and high blood pressure also run in families, and can increase your risk of getting kidney disease.
Being over 60 years old Over time, the kidneys lose some function naturally. People who are older than 60 are also more likely to have diabetes and high blood pressure, the two leading causes of kidney failure.
Having heart disease Heart disease is when your heart isn’t working as well as it should. This makes it harder for the kidneys do to their job. If your kidneys are working too hard, they may become damaged.
Being obese Being obese puts you at greater risk for the two biggest causes of kidney disease: diabetes and high blood pressure. This means that being obese puts you at greater risk for kidney disease too.
Smoking Smoking can cause high blood pressure, which is the second biggest cause of kidney disease. Smoking also causes blockages in your body’s blood vessels. When a blood vessel is blocked, your kidneys cannot get the blood flow they need, and this can cause damage, which can lead to chronic kidney disease.
Having a history of acute kidney injury (AKI) Acute kidney injury is when your kidneys stop working suddenly, over a short period of time. People who have had acute kidney injury before are more at risk for chronic kidney disease than people who have never had acute kidney injury.