Symptoms of glomerulonephritis often come on slowly. You might not notice that anything is wrong. Signs of glomerulonephritis are often found at routine wellness visits with your health care provider. Your health care provider might want you to have more tests to check for glomerulonephritis or another kidney disease if your tests show any of the following problems:
Contact your health care provider if you notice any of the following symptoms, as they may be signs of glomerulonephritis or another kidney problem:
- Pink or brown-colored urine
- Foamy or bubbly urine
- Swelling in your face, eyes, ankles, feet, legs or belly area
- Feeling more tired than normal
If you notice any symptoms or if your tests show that your kidneys might not be working as well as they should, your health care provider might ask you to have one or more of the following tests:
- Urine test: Your health care provider will take a urine sample to check for blood, protein, white blood cells and red blood cells.
- Blood test: Your health care provider will take a blood sample to check the levels of waste in your blood.
- Imaging tests: Your health care provider might want you to have an X-ray, ultrasound or CT scan so that he or she can see your kidneys.
- Kidney biopsy: Your health care provider or a surgeon will use a special needle to take a tiny piece of tissue from inside your kidney. The tissue sample will be looked at under a microscope to check for glomerulonephritis.
If your healthcare provider thinks you might have glomerulonephritis, you will likely need to have a kidney biopsy. A kidney biopsy is almost always needed to figure out if you have glomerulonephritis.