African Americans are more at risk for kidney failure than any other race. More than 1 in 3 kidney failure patients living in the United States is African-American.
Diabetes is the #1 cause of kidney failure. It causes nearly half of all cases of kidney failure in the United States.
African-Americans get diabetes more often. They are almost twice as likely as whites to have diabetes. About 1 in 9 (11.4 percent) African-American adults has diabetes. Over the last 35 years, the number of people with diabetes has doubled.
Diabetes affects African-Americans differently. African-Americans with diabetes develop kidney failure more often than whites. Diabetes causes heart disease and other problems in African-American more often than whites.
Many African-Americans don't know they have diabetes. About 1 in 3 African-Americans with diabetes does not know he or she has it.
High blood pressure is the #2 cause of kidney failure. It causes about 1 out of 4 cases (25 percent) in the United States. High blood pressure is a serious problem for African-Americans:
African-Americans get high blood pressure more often. Almost half (over 42 percent) of African-American adults have high blood pressure.
High blood pressure affects African Americans differently. African-Americans are six times more likely to get kidney failure from their high blood pressure than whites.
Almost 1 in 5 African-Americans is uninsured. If diabetes, high blood pressure, and kidney disease are caught early, they can usually be managed. However, almost 1 in 5 African-Americans is not insured. As a result, their health care choices may be limited.