A healthy diet has a balance of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy products, lean meats and beans. Even small changes like limiting fat in your diet can make a big difference in your health. You need some fat in your diet to stay healthy. Fat gives you energy and helps you use some of the vitamins in your food. But too much fat can lead to weight gain and heart disease. Here are some way to help limit fat in your diet and to choose healthier fats when you can.
- Choose lean meats or fish. Remove the skin and trim the fat off of your meats before you cook them.
- Bake, grill or broil your foods instead of frying them.
- Shop for fat-free or low-fat dairy products, salad dressing and mayonnaise.
- Try olive or canola oil instead of vegetable oil.
- Choose egg whites or egg substitute instead of whole eggs.
- You should also avoid trans fat. This kind of fat makes your "bad" (LDL) cholesterol higher and your "good" (HDL) cholesterol lower. When this happens, you are more likely to get heart disease, which can cause kidney damage.