Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of kidney disease. But, other conditions can also lead to kidney disease and kidney failure, including:

  • Polycystic kidney disease: a genetic disease that causes many cysts to grow in the kidneys
  • Glomerulonephritis: a disease that causes irritation to the tiny blood vessels (glomeruli) in your kidneys
  • Acute kidney injury: kidney failure that happens very quickly, often because of injuries, major blood loss or reactions to medicines
  • Autoimmune diseases (such as lupus and IgA nephropathy): diseases that cause your immune system to attack your body
  • Kidney cancer: cancer that grows inside your kidneys